BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan <div style="border: 3px #80BF33 Dashed; padding: 10px; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: left;"> <ol> <li><strong>Journal Title:</strong> <a href="">Balanga: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan</a></li> <li><strong>Initials</strong>: JBL</li> <li><strong>Frequency</strong>: 2 issues per year (June and December)</li> <li><strong>Print ISSN</strong>: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2338-462X</a></li> <li><strong>Online ISSN</strong>: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2723-1216</a></li> <li><strong>Editor in Chief</strong>: Revianti Coenraad, ST, M. Eng</li> <li><strong>DOI</strong>: 10.37304</li> <li><strong>Publisher</strong>: Jurusan Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Palangka Raya</li> <li><strong>Terakreditasi</strong>: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SINTA 5</a></li> </ol> </div> <p><img src="" width="120" height="174" /></p> <p>Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas palangka Raya</p> <p>Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan “Balanga” merupakan media untuk publikasi karya ilmiah dan hasil penelitian serta pengabdian kepada masyarakat bagi para akademisi, praktisi dan peneliti dalam bidang pendidikan teknologi dan kejuruan. Jurnal ini dikelola oleh Jurusan Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Palangka Raya.</p> Jurusan Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan, FKIP, Universitas Palangkaraya en-US BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan 2338-462X ONE OF THE SOLUTIONS TO THE WASTE PROBLEM IN PALANGKA RAYA CITY WITH BRIQUETTES <p>Palangka Raya City faces serious challenges related to waste management, especially the abundant organic waste. This study explores the utilization of organic waste into briquettes as an innovative solution to reduce the volume of waste in landfills and create an alternative energy source. Through thermal conversion and compression methods, organic waste is converted into briquettes that have a high calorific value with low emissions. The research results show that each 1 kilogram of briquettes can be produced from 10 kilograms of dry organic waste, providing a sustainable and environmentally friendly solution for Palangka Raya City. This study also compares data related to waste in Palangka Raya with previous research and provides relevant literature as a reference</p> Danar Ariangga Windra Gautama Slamet Winaryo Copyright (c) 2024 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 12 1 1 5 10.37304/balanga.v12i1.14461 CALCULATION OF CO2 AND O2 NEEDS AS WELL AS CO2 ABSORPTION AND O2 PRODUCING IN ZONE 5 GREEN OPEN SPACES YOGYAKARTA STATE UNIVERSITY <p>Carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by smoke can produce humans if there are no trees or green open spaces that can absorb CO2 and emissions resulting from human activities. Therefore, efforts to reduce air pollution such as CO2 gas in the campus environment, especially Zone 5 of Yogyakarta State University are ways to build green open spaces. This study suggests to calculate the amount of CO2 emitted and the amount of O2 needed in Zone 5 of Yogyakarta State University that emits emissions from vehicles that are channeled and breathed by humans equipped with functions that absorb CO2 and produce O2. The estimation results show that total CO2 emissions in Zone 5 of Yogyakarta State University in 2019 were 7,479,066 tons / year while the demand for O2 in Zone 5 of Yogyakarta State University in 2019 was 6,763,027 tons / year. So the ability of green open space to absorb CO2 is 3.070,1308 tons/ year and the ability to produce O2 is 131,807 tons / year</p> Mega Kurniawati Retna Hidayah Mahdika Putra Nanda Ni Putu Diah A. Permanasuri Copyright (c) 2024 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 12 1 6 11 10.37304/balanga.v12i1.14459 IMPLEMENTATION OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING METHODS ON THE ABILITY TO USE THREE MAGIC WORDS IN EARLY AGE CHILDREN IN GROUP B2 PARENTAS KAHARAP PALANGKA RAYA ACADEMIC YEAR 2023/2024 <p>Character education acts as a pillar and strength of a nation in its virtuous character. One way to build character in early childhood is to get children used to saying simple words such as sorry, please and thank you. Three Magic Word is a combination of three simple words but has very important meaning for children. Early childhood is very important to teach. Teaching the Three Magic Words (Sorry, Please and Thank You) can educate children to be better able to know themselves by realizing that every living creature has limitations in its abilities and therefore requires help from other people (the meaning of the words sorry and please). The emergence of awareness in appreciating and respecting other people, and being able to accept the good and bad things in life with grace and being able to understand that everything has great meaning and needs to be grateful for (the meaning of the word thank you). The classical conditioning method was developed by Ivan Pavlov. Classical conditioning refers to a number of training procedures in which one stimulus or stimuli appears to replace another stimulus in developing a response, that these procedures are called classical because of their historical priority. Pavlov stated that the stimulus needs to be repeated repeatedly so that it can be called habituation. This research is quantitative research using experimental methods. The data analysis technique in this research uses a difference test (t-test). The results of this research show that the implementation of the Classical Conditioning habituation method can develop the ability to use the Three Magic Words in early childhood in the B2 group of Kindergarten Parentas Kaharap Palangka Raya.</p> Sophia Oktavia Balimulia Kezia Aprileony Copyright (c) 2024 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 12 1 12 15 10.37304/balanga.v12i1.14460