BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan <div style="border: 3px #80BF33 Dashed; padding: 10px; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: left;"> <ol> <li><strong>Journal Title:</strong> <a href="">Balanga: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan</a></li> <li><strong>Initials</strong>: JBL</li> <li><strong>Frequency</strong>: 2 issues per year (June and December)</li> <li><strong>Print ISSN</strong>: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2338-462X</a></li> <li><strong>Online ISSN</strong>: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2723-1216</a></li> <li><strong>Editor in Chief</strong>: Revianti Coenraad, ST, M. Eng</li> <li><strong>DOI</strong>: 10.37304</li> <li><strong>Publisher</strong>: Jurusan Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Palangka Raya</li> <li><strong>Terakreditasi</strong>: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SINTA 5</a></li> </ol> </div> <p><img src="" width="120" height="174" /></p> <p>Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas palangka Raya</p> <p>Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan “Balanga” merupakan media untuk publikasi karya ilmiah dan hasil penelitian serta pengabdian kepada masyarakat bagi para akademisi, praktisi dan peneliti dalam bidang pendidikan teknologi dan kejuruan. Jurnal ini dikelola oleh Jurusan Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Palangka Raya.</p> en-US (ict) (ict) Fri, 29 Dec 2023 14:28:49 +0000 OJS 60 AN ANALYSIS OF FOREST AND LAND FIRE EXTINGUISHING IN INDONESIA INFLUENCED BY THE EL NINO PHENOMENON USING THE WATER BOMBING METHOD <p>Land and peat forest fires in Indonesia are a serious environmental problem, especially in the years that experience the El Nino phenomenon. El Nino causes dry and hot conditions that trigger fires. One of the methods used to extinguish fires is water bombing, which is spraying water from the air using planes or helicopters. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness and efficiency of the water bombing method in dealing with land and peat forest fires in Indonesia. This study uses secondary data from various sources, such as government reports, research institutions, mass media, and non-governmental organizations. The data is then analyzed using descriptive, comparative, and evaluative methods. The results of the study show that the water bombing method has some advantages, such as fast, flexible, and able to reach areas that are difficult to access. However, this method also has some disadvantages, such as expensive, risky, and less effective in extinguishing fire in the peat soil. Therefore, this study recommends that the water bombing method should be used as one part of a comprehensive fire control strategy, which involves prevention, detection, and recovery. This study also suggests the need for improved coordination, regulation, and innovation in the use of the water bombing method in Indonesia.</p> Danar A.W Gautama, Petrisly Perkasa, Tuah Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 NUTRITION COUNSELING AND NUGGET PROCESSING TO PREVENT STUNTING IN TEWANG KARANGAN VILLAGE, KATINGAN <p>Stunting is a condition of chronic malnutrition in children which can impact children's motor and verbal development as well as affect their cognitive development and productivity in adulthood. The prevalence of stunting in Indonesia in 2021 was 24.4%, while the prevalence rate of stunting in Central Kalimantan in 2021 was 27.4% and decreased in 2022 to 26.9%. There has been a decrease in the stunting prevalence rate of around 0.5%, but this reduction still needs to be improved so that there is an acceleration in the reduction in the stunting rate. The aim of carrying out this activity is to provide education regarding the dangers of stunting in children and efforts to prevent stunting through training in developing potentially nutritious food innovations to prevent stunting, so that it can accelerate the reduction in stunting rates and become a solution for local communities in improving their standard of living. The method used in this activity is a lecture using slide media and practice in making nutritious food for toddlers. The results of the outreach show that the community understands the dangers of stunting on children's growth and development and the community is able to innovate nutritious food for toddlers.</p> Lilis Rosmainar, Nurhaliza Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TRAINING ON MAKING A WATER LEVEL INSTRUMENT AS AN EARLY WARNING SYSTEM FOR PEATLAND IN TUMBANG TAHAI VILLAGE, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN <p>Indonesia has 14,905,575 ha of peatlands spread across Sumatra (43.18%), Kalimantan (32.06%) and Papua (24.76%) (Balai Besar Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, 2011). The area of peatland in Central Kalimantan reaches 2.65 million ha or 16.83% of the total area of Central Kalimantan (Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, 2013). Land and forest fires are becoming increasingly severe not only in Central Kalimantan, but also in other regions. This is triggered by activities where peatlands are used for agriculture or plantations coupled with the construction of drainage canals, causing peat water to dry out and become flammable during the dry season. In 1997, catastrophic fires destroyed no less than 2.2 million hectares of peat swamp forest, and destroyed 0.14 - 0.17 Gt of peatland carbon. In addition, it also caused several health problems, for example in Central Kalimantan, during the fires in 2015 there was data on cases of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in Central Kalimantan until the fourth week of September 2015, the number of sufferers reached 20,274 people (KMNLHRI and UNDP; 2015). These forest fires also cause great losses in the socio-economic field. This service aims to prevent drought in peatlands by measuring the water level at several points in Tumbang Tahai Village by measuring the water level so that an Early Warning System for peatland drought is formed in the village. It is hoped that the community of Tumbang Tahai Village in particular and the people of Central Kalimantan in general will be able to prevent peatland drought and this can be an initial experience in the practical experience of making, installing and using a water level measuring instrument.</p> Lola Cassiophea, Ni Putu Diah Agustin Permanasuri, Indah Gumilang Dwinanda, Mega Kurniawati Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 MEASUREMENT OF WATER RETENTION OF PEAT SOIL IN CANAL BLOCKING USING PRESSURE PLATE CHAMBER <p>Measuring air retention in constructed canal blockage is critical for determining changes in air content after canal blocking. The purpose of this study is to assess the influence of changes in levels on air retention values measured at three depths, namely 0-20 cm, 20-40 cm, and 40-60 cm, at four transect sampling stations created at a distance of 10 m to 260 m from the canal block. Changes in bulk density, porosity, and peat volume affect groundwater. Peat soil samples were collected from burned peatlands, and canal blocks were constructed. A pressure plate chamber was used to assess air retention. The findings of the investigation revealed that the air retention pattern of peat soil at 16 test sample locations was at maximum at PF 0.2 at each depth. At higher pressures (pF 2-4.2), peat groundwater is strongly bonded by peat soil particles. The average bulk density of peat is 0.2 2 and the porosity value is 86.79%. The higher the air content at each pF value has no influence on the porosity and bulk density values. Changes in air content between pF 2.0 and 4.2 lower average peat volume by 7.4%. The size of this value is assumed to be determined by the peat's type, maturity, and decomposition value.</p> Lola Cassiophea, Jany Tri Raharjo, Salampak Dohong, Zafrullah Damanik, Berkat Pisi, Natalina Asi, Rinto Alexandro, Ruli Meiliawati, Gunarjo Suryanto Budi, Davit Purwodesrantau, Dermawati Sihite, Ambia Rio Suwanda, Adi Jaya, Antonio Jonay Jovani Sancho, Vontas Alfenny Nahan, Eka Nur Taufik, Lusia Widiastuti, Inga Torang, Yesser Priono, Petrisly Perkasa, Whendy Trissan Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 WORKSHOP ON THE USE OF THE MOLVIEW APPLICATION IN CHEMISTRY EDUCATION AT SMA NEGERI 5 PALANGKA RAYA <p>The purpose of implementing the Workshop on the Use of the MolView Application in Chemistry Education at SMA Negeri 5 Palangka Raya is to enable partner teachers (chemistry subject teachers) to facilitate students in visualizing molecular structures using the MolView application. The benefits of this activity include increasing insights and providing skills in developing teaching modules assisted by the MolView application in chemistry education. The stages of the workshop include 1) preparation stages, including field surveys, planning, administrative preparation, and providing support facilities; 2) training stages, including confirming attendance, Phase I training, Phase II training; 3) mentoring stages, including evaluation and participant support. The results of this activity can be reviewed based on participant satisfaction. This is evident from the questionnaire results filled out by the participants. In the workshop material aspect, the average score is 93.33%. The Team workshop aspect has an average score of 96.00%, the atmosphere aspect has an average score of 96.00%, and the media usage aspect has an average score of 93.78%. Furthermore, the overall satisfaction level of the workshop averages 94.78% with a "Very Satisfied" category. Therefore, it can be concluded that this training is highly significant and beneficial, and it is expected to continue for the benefit of other teachers in the future.</p> Ruli Meiliawati, Suandi Sidauruk , Agtri Wulandari Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 VARIATION OF SUPERPLASTICIZER AMOUNT ON CONCRETE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH <p>This study aims to determine the effect of the addition of superplasticizer in concrete mixtures on compressive strength. To achieve this goal, a laboratory study was conducted using 12 cylindrical specimens with a diameter of 150 mm and a height of 300 mm. There are three variations of superplastcizer addition and one variation of concrete without superplastcizer addition as control. The concrete cylinders were tested at 14 days. The coarse aggregate used is a combination of 2 types of aggregates, namely Banjarmasin Stone (50%) and Merak Stone (50%).From the test results, the average compressive strength of concrete without using superplasticizer was 27.10 MPa. The compressive strength of concrete using superplasticizer (mix design results) is 37.18 MPa. For concrete that uses less superplasticizer (reduced by 1% from the mix design results) results in a compressive strength of 34.06 MPa. While for concrete that uses more superplasticizer (increased by 1% from the results of the mix design) gives a compressive strength of 37.02 MPa. Concrete that uses superplasticizer has a greater compressive strength value than concrete without superplasticizer</p> Samuel Layang, Wiratno, Henra Hartako, Rido Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SOCIALIZATION OF CENTRAL KALIMANTAN'S TYPICAL CULTURAL LEARNING DESIGN IN THE FRAMEWORK OF STRENGTHENING THE PROFILE OF PANCASILA AUD LEARNERS AMONG KINDERGARTEN TEACHERS IN GUGUS VIII BUNGA BOUGENVILLE PALANGKA RAYA <p>Understanding and implementing Pancasila is the obligation of all Indonesian citizens, therefore, love for the Indonesian homeland and a sense of pride in one's identity as an Indonesian child must be instilled from an early age. In the 2023/2024 academic year, the Ministry of Education and Culture has implemented the independent curriculum nationally, where the Pancasila Student Profile is the goal of National Education. Therefore, the activity of socializing learning designs typical of Central Kalimantan culture in order to strengthen the profile of Pancasila AUD students among teachers is considered important to carry out with the aim of increasing the potential of teachers in designing learning to strengthen the profile of Pancasila students based on the Independent Curriculum. Socialization of model designs and learning activities based on Central Kalimantan culture includes the introduction of Central Kalimantan batik, typical plants, Dayak language and others which aim to support Pancasila student profile projects implemented in PAUD institutions. This service activity is based on the Independent Learning Curriculum launched by the government through the Ministry of Education and Culture which includes I love the Earth, I Love Indonesia, the theme of playing and working together and My Imagination. These four themes aim to enrich insight and instill character from an early age, and in their implementation they are focused on topics chosen by the PAUD education unit according to the regional context and characteristics of students. The achievement of indicators of success in the socialization of Central Kalimantan Typical Cultural Learning Designs in the Context of Strengthening the Pancasila AUD Student Profile among Kindergarten Teachers in Cluster VIII Bunga Bougenville Palangkaraya, namely: a) Knowledge of Kindergarten Teachers in Cluster VIII Bunga Bougenville regarding learning designs Typical Central Kalimantan Culture in the context of strengthening profile of early childhood Pancasila students b) Kindergarten teachers' knowledge in implementing the steps to design learning for the Pancasila Profile Project which includes knowledge of strengthening the profile of Pancasila students, the process of preparing a school ecosystem, design forms for projects strengthening the profile of Pancasila, knowledge of managing projects strengthening the profile of Pancasila, knowledge of documentation and reporting the results of the project to strengthen the Pancasila profile as well as understanding the evaluation and follow-up to the project to strengthen the Pancasila profile. The output produced from this PKM is in the form of 1) Videos and photos of activities; 2) Publication on online social media (Instagram); 3) Publication in SINTA 5 journals; 4) HAKI.</p> Sophia Oktavia Balimulia, Ignatia Imelda Fitriani, Cahaya Afriani Napitupulu, Esta Fronika Telaumbanua, Indria Saraswatie Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MNEMONIC METHOD TO IMPROVE LONG-TERM MEMORY ON TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTION LIMITS MATERIAL <p>This research aims to determine the effectiveness of applying the mnemonic method which is linked to long-term memory in the material on limits of trigonometric functions in basic calculus courses in the Palangka Raya University mechanical engineering education study program. The research is action research based on the Kurt Lewin model which consists of several stages including: planning, action, observation and reflection. The research subjects were 44 students taking basic calculus courses. The results of the research show that the mnemonic method is effective for improving long-term memory in Trigonometry function limits material in basic calculus courses in the Mechanical Engineering Education Study Program, Palangka Raya University. This can be seen in the average test result after being given lectures using the mnemonic method, which is 70.5 with classical completeness achieved being 88.6%. Thus, the expected classical completeness of 75% was achieved. Student responses to the use of mnemonic methods in lectures. As many as 95% of students agreed that lectures were fun. The majority of students are actively involved in lectures using this mnemonic method, where as many as 90.9% agree and it is easier for students to remember mathematical formulas in the material on limits of trigonometric functions with this mnemonic method, where as many as 97% agree. The majority of students agree that the mnemonic method needs to be used again in the next lecture material which contains many mathematical formulas, with 90.4% agreeing.</p> Sri Murwantini, Ratna Pancawati Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF SMARTPHONE-BASED INTERACTIVE E-BOOK MULTIMEDIA FOR LEARNING TECHNICAL DRAWING IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS <p>This study aims to develop a Smartphone-Based Iteractive Multimedia e-Book of the draw lines learning and provide an alternative instructional media that can be used by students. This study is categorized as research and development Borg &amp; Gall model. The assessment results were obtained through the responses of 50 grade X vocational school students to interactive multimedia e-Books by conducting product usability tests, that have reached criteria “very good”. The results of this research was a product in the form of a smartphone-based interactive multimedia e-Books of the draw lines learning. E-Books also has an impact on student understanding that shown by the value of Gain with category “medium”. Therefore, e-Books can be used as an alternative instriuctional media that is feasible for students and teachers.</p> Tuah, Danar Ariangga Windra Gautama, Mega Kurniawatie Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OPTIMIZATION MODEL FOR USING WATER FLOW IN HYDRAM PUMP STORAGE BARRELS AS A SOURCE OF SUSTAINABLE ELECTRICITY GENERATION ON A LABORATORY SCALE <p>Currently, energy needs are increasing greatly, this is influenced by increasing population growth and human activity. The development of simpler renewable energy must be encouraged to meet energy needs, at least to meet the domestic energy needs of households. A hydram pump is a tool that can utilize water flow to produce kinetic energy which is then converted into potential energy to lift water to a certain height. This potential energy can be converted into electrical energy through a generator. A hydram pump is a tool used to raise water from a low place to a higher place automatically with energy originating from the water itself, namely because of the height of the falling water which is used to press the valve on the hydram pump and result in a water hammer when the water is stopped automatically. suddenly, then the change in momentum of the fluid mass will also increase the pressure suddenly. This research was carried out at the Mechanical Engineering Education Laboratory at Palangka Raya University with the methods described which will include experimental steps, data collection and analysis to be carried out. This research aims to develop an optimization model for the use of water flow in the hydram pump reservoir as a source of sustainable electricity generation on a laboratory scale. The results of this research have been carried out 4 times with the height of the turbine from the bottom of the experimental floor being 3 m while the size of the exhaust valve opening is ± 4 cm and the height of the water plunge from the barrel to the hydram pump is 2 m; 1.5m; 1.2 m is able to produce stable turbine rotation so that the lights come on. However, at a height of 1 m from the barrel to the hydram pump, the turbine rotation produces dim lights.</p> Vontas Alfenny Nahan, Topan Eka Putra, Revianti Coenraad Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT THROUGH ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT OF PROCESSED HARUAN FISH FOR HOUSEWIVES IN TUMBANG RUNGAN VILLAGE PALANGKA RAYA CITY <p>The objectives of community empowerment can be formulated as follows: 1). Providing Skills Training on processing Haruan Fish into Prozenfood Products (Nuggets, Dim Sum, and Pentol) Haruan Fish for housewives in Tumbang Rungan Village. 2) Providing Information about the Benefits Haruan Fish for Health for mothers in Tumbang Rungan Village. The community empowerment implementation methods used are lectures, demonstrations, practice, and questions and answers which are used to provide skills training in processing Haruan fish into Nuget, Dim Sum and Pentol products as well as providing information about the benefits of Haruan fish for health. The results of Community Empowerment through fostering entrepreneurship in processing Haruan fish for housewives in the Tumbang Rungan sub-district, Palangkaraya City are mothers who gain new knowledge and skills related to the use of Haruan fish (previously, during the dry season the fish was abundant, the fish were only sold, made into salted fish, and discarded as fish food). Get information about the nutrition of Haruan fish for children's health in dealing with stunting. The hope is to help marketers, for example in bazaar activities, WhatsApp and Instagram promotions, as well as making permits for processed Haruan fish products.</p> Yesninopy, Saifulloh Darlan, Wahidin, Kusnida Indrajaya, Hendrowanto Nibel, Susan Daniel, Endah Yusma Pratiwi, Ade Yusuf Ferudyn, Mardiana, Dinda Copyright (c) 2023 BALANGA: Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000