Jurnal Hutan Tropika https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT <p><img src="https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/public/site/images/editorjht/JHT-DES_20171.jpg" width="120" height="170" /></p> <p><strong>Jurnal Hutan Tropika</strong> adalah jurnal yang memiliki fokus dalam bidang ilmu dan teknologi kehutanan tropika serta semua aspek yang terkait dengan bidang ini dan <strong>Jurnal Hutan Tropika sudah terakreditasi SINTA 5 berdasarkan SK Menteri Riset dan Teknologi/Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional No: 148/M/KPT/2020 tanggal 3 Agustus 2020.</strong> Jurnal ini memiliki <a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1180427939" target="_blank" rel="noopener">p- ISSN: 1693-7643</a>. Jurnal Hutan Tropika diikelola oleh jurusan Kehutanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Palangka Raya (Jurnal Hutan Tropika is a journal that focused on <em>science and technology of tropical forestry and also all aspects concerned. This journal has p-ISSN: 1693-7643. <a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1555383188" target="_blank" rel="noopener">e-ISSN: 2656-9736</a> Journal Hutan Tropika is managed by Forestry Department, Faculty of Agricultural, Universitas Palangka Raya)</em></p> Jurusan Kehutanan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Palangka Raya en-US Jurnal Hutan Tropika 1693-7643 10.36873/jht.v15i2.2159 Yunik Istikorini, Arum Sekar Wulandari, Wahyu Krisna https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2159 <p>Ylang-ylang (Cananga odorata Hook.F.&amp; Thomson) is one of the defense plants with various benefits and advantages. One of the hallenges in ylang-ylang Cananga cultivation is the contribution of high-quality seed. The study aimed to determine the health of seeds and identify fungi carried by ylang-ylang seeds. The seed health test used an incubation method on potato dextrose agar (PDA) media. Results showed that ylangylang seeds associated with five fungal for 11 months of age and newly harvested seeds<br>were the same fungal. Those isolated fungal were Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, Penicillium sp., Botryodiplodia sp. and Paecilomyces sp. The fungus A. niger is the dominant fungus. Fungi Paecilomyces sp. and Botryodiplodia sp. The fungus A. niger identified most frequently. Fungi Paecilomyces sp. and Botryodiplodia sp. had a fast growth rate, whereas Penicillium sp. had slower growth compared with other isolates. Keywords: Fungus, seed health, ylang-ylang seeds</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 51 61 10.36873/jht.v15i01.2161 PP. 62-69 : Samuel A. Paembonan dan Syamsuddin Millang https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2161 <p>Cempaka (Elmerillia tsiampacca) merupakan jenis unggulan di dataran tinggi pulau Sulawesi yang banyak dikembangkan pada hutan rakyat di Pulau Sulawesi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui cadangan karbon pada tegakan Hutan Rakyat Cempaka pada zona dataran tinggi di Kabupaten Tana Toraja. Metode penentuan plot sampling dilakukan secara purposive berdasarkan umur tegakan, yaitu: umur 7 tahun, 13 tahun dan 22 tahun. Pada masing-masing umur tegakan dibuat 5 plot sampel dengan ukuran plot 25 meter x 25 meter untuk mengukur diameter pohon. Didalam setiap plot sampel dibuat 5 sub plot dengan ukuran 1 m x 1 m untuk mengukur biomassa tumbuhan bawah dan serasah. Perhitungan nilai biomassa dan cadangan karbon pohon dihitung dengan menggunakan persamaan allometrik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi peningkatan simpanan karbon yang signifikan dengan kenaikan umur tegakan. Simpanan karbon rata-rata pada umur tegakan 7 tahun sebesar 21,88 ton/ha, umur 13 tahun sebesar 131,78 ton/ha dan pada umur 22 tahun sebesar 165,44 ton/ha.<br>Kata kunci : Cempaka (Elmerillia tsiampacca), hutan rakyat, Umur tegakan, Cadangan Karbon.</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-15 2021-01-15 62 69 10.36873/jht.v15i2.2162 PP. 70-79 : Wahyudi Wahyudi1 , Andy R. Mojiol2 , Reni Rahmawati1 , Nursiah1 , Patricia E.Putir1 https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2162 <p>Timber harvesting activities in forest concession using the Indonesia Selective Cutting and Planting silvicultural (ISCP) system can cause damage to residual trees. The greater the damage of residual trees to be indicator the less effective the activity. This study aims to determine the damage of residual trees caused by harvesting in the logged-over areas using the ISCP silvicultural system. The study used a research plot measuring 40 m x 240 m (0.96 ha) with 5 replications. Each research plot was consisted of 24 sub plots each for the trees, pole, sapling and seedling levels. Sample felled trees were determined as many as 30 trees. The results showed that the average damage caused by harvesting of 1 tree was 6.46 seedlings/ha; 7.17 saplings/ha; 2.13 poles/ha and 2.25 trees/ha. In general, the damage to residual trees due to felling was 11.28% for seedlings; 11.56% for saplings, 12.14% for poles and 11.8% for trees. The level of damage to seedlings, saplings and poles were in the medium category, while the level of damage to the tree level was in the low category. Keywords: Damage, harvesting, residual trees, silvicultural system</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 70 79 10.36873/jht.v15i2.2164 PP. 80-87 : Agus Sadono https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2164 <p>Patchouli (Pogostemon) can live in dry land and produce atsiri oil. Dry land often,experiencing drought but Patchouli can survive , Adaptability patchouli for life in drought stress condition interesting to ivestigate the cause. The aim of this experiment looking for morpho-physiological characteristics of patchouli varieties adaptive to drought stress condition. The experiment with A Randomized Completely Design with four replicates was used in the trial. Five varieties of patchouli namely Aceh Merah, Lhokseumawe,Tapak Tuan, Sidikalang and Girilaya were transplanted into 30 x 15 x 90 cm wood pot and treated with less water to initiate drought stress after transplanted, all pots were saturated with water (until 100% field capacity), and then treated with no<br>water addition up to 120 days after transplanting (DAT). Parameters observed were: growth and production biomass and proline content in leaf. The results showed that the highest growth and biomass production components were performed by Girilaya and<br>followed by Tapak Tuan varieties. While Sidikalang variety was the lowest in productivity. Maximum length of root, fresh weight of root, and proline content in leaf were also found at Girilaya and followed by Tapak Tuan. Data collection on the growth, production, and morpho-physiological characteristics in relation to adaptation level to drought stress indicated that Girilaya, a Java patchouli group (Pogostemon haeyanus Benth), was the most tolerant among varieties tested. While among the Aceh patchouli group (Pogostemon cablin Benth) Tapak Tuan was the most tolerant variety.<br>Keywords : Adaptation, Patchouli, morpho-physiological characteristic, drought stress</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 80 87 10.36873/jht.v15i2.2165 PP. 88-101 : Husna, Faisal Danu Tuheteru , Al Basri, Asrianti Arif, Basruddin dan Yuningsih Umar https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2165 <p>The aim of the study was to determine the effect of a combination of mycorrhizal fungi and watering intervals on kayu kuku (Pericopsis mooniana) grown on gold tailings media. This research was conducted at the green house of the Indonesian Mycorrhizal Association (AMI) Southeast Sulawesi branch for 4 months (March-July 2019). The study used a factorial randomized block design (CRD) with two factors being tested, the first factors including no AMF inoculation, using Claroideoglomus etunicatum and Septoglomus constrictum which were given 10 grams each. The second factor included watering every day, every two days and every three days, with three replications and three crop units. The results showed that the treatment combination of AMF type S. constrictum with daily watering intervals increased P nutrient levels on the shoot and root, while three days watering intervals increased Mn uptake on the shoot. The combination of AMF treatment for C. etunicatum and daily watering intervals increased the Mn level of the roots and the two days watering interval increased the P uptake on the shoots and roots. The best treatment was a combination of AMF type C. etunicatum and two days watering intervals which effectively increased P uptake of the shoot. Independently, AMF treatment for S. constrictum and two days watering interval were effective in increasing the levels and P nutrients uptake on the shoot. Keywords: Drought stress, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Pericopsis mooniana, uptake<br>of nutrients.</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 88 101 10.36873/jht.v15i2.2166 PP. 102-111 : Alpian, Robekka, Sarinah, Nuwa, Desi Natalia Koroh, Wahyu Supriyati https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2166 <p>Wood processing industry waste consists of waste produced by the plywood industry, sawing and woodworking consisting of ends, blades, peelings, chips and sawdust. The use of wood waste is not utilized by the furniture industry and one of the solutions to its utilization by processing wood waste into activated charcoal. Activated charcoal can be made from all carbon-containing materials both organic and inorganic provided that the material is porous. Bangkirai, Rengas and Sengon wood waste as materials used in this study were carbonized first then activated charcoal. The quality test of activated charcoal carried out includes yield, air content, ash content, volatile matter content, carbon content, absorption of benzene, absorption of iodine and absorption of methylene blue. Overall, the results of testing the quality of activated charcoal did not all meet the requirements of SNI 06-3730-1995. The quality of activated charcoal from Rengas wood has the best quality (&gt;456.59 mg /g) of all needs because the highest iodine absorption capacity according to Kimia Farma (KF) standards requires (&gt; 426.5 mg/g). Rengas wood activated charcoal to bore wells improves the quality of drinking water No. 416/ Menkes / Per/IX /1990 except turbidity.</p> <p>Keywords : Active Charcoal, Bangkirai Wood Waste, Rengas, Sengon, Drilled Well Water.</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 102 111 10.36873/jht.v15i2.2167 PP. 112-120 : Hidayatul Latifah1 , Paulus Matius2 , Rita Diana2 * https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2167 <p>Macaranga gigantea was one of the pioneer species who started the succession process after the forest fires and grew as dominant species. Therefore, the information on the spatial distribution pattern of M. gigantea is required as necessary data to determine the strategy for managing forest after forest fires. This study aimed to map out of distribution and identified the spatial distribution pattern of M. gigantea. Spatial analysis was to mapping out the location of M. gigantea distribution using remote sensing technology. Vegetation analysis was done by setting up a quadratic method in a square-shaped observation plot in 100 m track and then put into the location of the spread of M. gigantea by a purposive sampling method. The result showed that the spatial pattern of M. gigantea distribution tends to clump. The spatial pattern tends to clumped caused by the<br>similarity of life needs between individuals, especially for light.</p> <p>Keywords: Pioneer species, spatial distribution pattern, composition and structure of vegetation</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 112 120 10.36873/jht.v15i2.2168 PP. 121-129 : Ajun Junaedi, Christopheros, Moh Rizal, Tioliliani Lubis https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2168 <p>This study aims to identify the species composition and estimate the potency for biomass, carbon and carbondioxide (CO2) uptake of understorey at a peat depth of 1 - &lt;2 m; 2 - &lt;4 m; 4 - &lt;8 m and 8 - &lt;12 m in Sebangau National Park Central Kalimantan. The results showed that the total number of understorey species found in all peat depths was 21 species. The most common understorey species found were at peat depths of 4 - &lt;8 m, with 13 species. Several understorey species that dominate the entire peat depth are Pandanus tectorius, Pandanus amaryllofolius and Stenochlaena palustris. The potency of understorey biomass, carbon storage and CO2 absorption in all peat depths ranged from: 1.73 to 2.71 tons/ha; 0.81 - 1.30 tonC/ha and 2.98 - 4.77 tonsCO2/ha. Understorey that grows at a peat depth of 4 - &lt;8 m has the highest potency for biomass, carbon and CO2 absorption.<br>Keywords: biomass, carbon, carbondioxide, peat swamp forest, understorey</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 121 129 10.36873/jht.v15i2.2171 PP.130-137 : Niko, Herlina Darwati, dan Slamet Rifanjani https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2171 <p>Gastropods are a single shell mollusk phylum. Gastropods have a really significant function, particularly in the mangrove ecosystem. Mangrove forests are a very supportive habitat for gastropods. Gastropods have a very important role in the process<br>of decomposing litter and maintaining nutrient dynamics in mangrove forests. This study aims to obtain and analyze data on the diversity of gastropods in the mangrove forest ecosystem in Sentebang Village, Jawai District, Sambas Regency. The research was<br>conducted in June 2020 using survey methods and data collection techniques using purposive sampling. Based on the results of the research that has been done, it was found that there were 11 types of gastropods from 5 families. The types of gastropods found were Nerita violacea, Cerithidea obtusa, Cerithidea cingulata, Littoraria melanostoma, Littoraria scabra, Littoraria angulifera, Pythia plicata, Ellobium aurisjudae, Cassidula nucleus, Cassidula aurisfelis, Spherassiminea miniata. The gastropod diversity index in line 1 = 1.2246, line 2 = 0.8689, and line 3 = 0.9554. Track 1 is in the medium category, for lines 2 and 3 it is in the low category. The overall diversity index is 1.6239 which is in the medium category. The similarity index for the types of gastropod lines 1 and 2 = 40%, lines 2 and 3 = 25%, lines 1 and 3 = 20% which are included in the low category. Abundance index of gastropod type line 1 = 21.8, line 2 = 5.3, line 3 = 5.1. The evenness index of the gastropods line 1 = 0.6834, line 2 = 0.6268, line 3 = 0.6892. The overall evenness index is 0.6772 which is categorized as an unstable community. The gastropod dominance index line 1 = 0.3684, line 2 = 0.5186, line 3 = 0.4748, line 1 and 3 are in the low category, while line 2 is in the high category. The overall dominance index is 0.2574 which is in the low category, meaning that no type dominates. Based on the data that has been obtained, it can be concluded that the diversity of gastropods in the mangrove forest ecosystem in Sentebang Village, Jawai District, Sambas Regency is classified as moderate.<br>Keywords: Gastropods, mangrove forest, species diversity</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 130 137 10.36873/jht.v15i2.2169 PP. 138-149 : Muhammad Kholifathul Aziz, Markum, Kornelia Webliana B https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2169 <p>This research aims to (1) analyze the pattern of ecotourism management in Gili Lawang based on the concept of CBT (Community based tourism) according to Demartoto (2009) and (2) analyze supporting and inhibiting factors that affect the involvement of<br>community in managing ecotourism. The research was located in Gili Lawang ecotourism area, Sugian Village, Sambelia, East Lombok Regency. This research used descriptive qualitative method, by using literature reviews data collection method,<br>interviews, and observations. The number of respondents involved were 14 respondents. Data analysis that was used is descriptive analysis. The result of this research showed that the management pattern of community based ecotourism in Gili Lawang has not fully implement CBT (Community based tourism) concept since the involved community has not been included in evaluator aspect. Supporting factors that affect the involvement of the community in managing ecotourism is the potential of tourism that can be developed into tourism attraction, the desire of the community to preserve the nature, and to grow the economy surrounding the tourism area. Meanwhile, the inhibiting factor that affect the involvement of the community in managing ecotourism is the lack of education of the community regarding the development of ecotourism area and the lack<br>of awareness of the community regarding the importance of their involvement in developing tourism area. Besides that, another inhibiting factor is the lack of government’s concern to make approach to the native community to show how important<br>community based tourism is.<br>Keywords: Ecotourism, management pattern, involvement factor</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 138 149 10.36873/jht.v15i2.2170 PP. 150-162 : Setiarno1 , Nisfiatul Hidayat1 , Bambang T.A.2 , Muhammad Luthfi S. 3 https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JHT/article/view/2170 <p>The research was conducted in October 2019 in the Bukit Tangkiling Nature Reserve, Central Kalimantan, aiming to find out the type composition, the community structure, and vegetation diversity. This research method is a survey with combination method and carried out purposively in sampling with total sample plots of 60. The results showed that there were 58 species of plants (6 species unidentified) which included 11 species of understorey, 32 species of seedlings, 32 species of saplings, 31 species of poles, and 38 species of trees. Vegetation at the level of seedlings, saplings, poles, and trees in the Bukit Tangkiling Nature Reserve is dominated by Acacia mangium, while the understorey is dominated by nut grass and thatch. The similarity index of vegetation communities between two locations ranged from 41.860 - 73.684%, while that between growth rates ranged from 32.558 - 7.143%. Plant communities have diversity values (H’), richness values (R), and evenness values (E) ranging from low to moderate. The horizontal stand structure has different exposed diameters, forming an inverted “J” curve and is concentrated in diameter class 1019.99 cm, while vertically the individual population is concentrated in high class 5 - 9.99 m.<br>Keywords: Composition, Heterogeneity, Similarity, Stand structure</p> Admin JHT Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Hutan Tropika 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 150 162