Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK <div style="border: 3px #779635 Dashed; padding: 10px; background-color: #eef6fc; text-align: left;"> <ol> <li><strong>Journal Title</strong>: <a href="http://https//e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK">Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya</a></li> <li><strong>Initials</strong>: JKUPR</li> <li><strong>Frequency</strong>: April dan Oktober</li> <li><strong>Print ISSN</strong>: <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2723-5890">2355-0015</a></li> <li><strong>Online ISSN</strong>: <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2723-5890">2723-5890</a></li> <li><strong>Editor in Chief</strong>: Arif Rahman Jabal, S.Si, M.Si</li> <li><strong>DOI</strong>: <a href="https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/issue/view/188">10.37304/jkupr</a></li> <li><strong>Publisher</strong>: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya</li> </ol> </div> <p style="text-align: left;"><a title="Cover" href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1NpUWHD3riw1j2azkOx73fAbjFPk2Zq1d/view?usp=sharing"><img style="margin-left: 8px; margin-right: 15px; box-shadow: 5px 5px 5px gray; float: left;" src="https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/public/site/images/jabalar/sampul-jkupr-lebih-kecil.jpg" alt="" width="111" height="157" /></a></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya dengan scope kesehatan dan kedokteran memuat original article dan review article baik dalam bahasa indonesia dan bahasa inggris. Terbitan 2 kali setahun setiap april dan oktober. Sudah memiliki P-ISSN 2355-0015 dan E-ISSN 2723-5890</p> <div> </div> en-US jkupr@med.upr.ac.id (Arif Rahman Jabal, S.Si, M.Si) jkupr@med.upr.ac.id (Frensderomi, SE) Fri, 07 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.10 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 STUDI KASUS: HANDLING STUNTING CHILDREN USING MANDALA OF HEALTH ANALYSIS https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/7439 <p><em>Stunting is a malnutrition problem that can have short-term and long-term impacts on children who are stunted.&nbsp;This case study presents the solution to the problem of stunting in children with a family medicine approach using a Mandala of Health analysis. The case is a mother with a 30-month-old daughter whose height, weight, and ability lag behind her peers.&nbsp;Based on indicators of nutritional status, children are classified as stunted, underweight, and of dubious growth and development.&nbsp;The child is the 2nd child of two siblings. The causes of this situation are the wrong snacks and restrictions on children's activities by parents.&nbsp;Efforts are being made to provide education about toddler parenting to mothers and their closest families.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: stunting, toddler, family medicine</em></p> Juhairina, Maisarah, Tyas Ningrum Rahmadayanti Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/7439 Mon, 10 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LITERATUR REVIEW: PERAN CENDAWAN NEMATOFAGUS TERHADAP NEMATODA PARASIT https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/5634 <p>Nematofagus is a soil fungus that can reduce nematode worms and act as a biocontrol. This study aims to determine the type of nematofagus fungus that can reduce parasitic nematodes through a systematic review. The data sources in this study were obtained from google scholar, and NCBI. The results obtained were seven articles stating that the fungus <em>Duddingtonia flagrans</em> was able to kill nematode worms at stage L3, and three journals showed the fungus <em>Pochonia Chlamydosporia</em> could control nematode parasitic worm larvae. Next was the fungus <em>Chysosporium</em> spp, the fungus <em>Trichoderma</em> spp, and <em>Purpureocillium lilacinum</em>. Various types of nematofagus-reduced nematode parasites were <em>Duddingtonia flagrans</em> and <em>Pochonia Chlamydosporia</em>. Fungi have a role that is considered effective in reducing and controlling nematode parasites and can be used as biocontrol.</p> Nurul Hikmah Erwin, Dewi Klarita Furtuna, Agnes Immanuela Toemon, Arif Rahman Jabal Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/5634 Mon, 10 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS KADAR FLAVONOID TOTAL DAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK JAMBU AIR (Syzygium aqueum), JAMBU BOL (Syzygium malaccense), DAN JAMBLANG (Syzygium cumini) https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/5531 <p><em>The genus Syzygium family myrtaceae is one of the largest genus in Indonesia, of which species derived from guavas are water roseapple (Syzygium aqueum), red-jambo (Syzygium malaccense), and java plum (Syzygium cumini) which have natural antioxidant activity. This study aims to determine the total flavonoid content and antioxidant activity of species of the guava genus. The extraction method used in this research is cold extraction in the form of maceration with the choice of solvent ethanol 96%. The total flavonoid content test was carried out using the colorimetric method while the antioxidant power test used the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picridhydrazil) method. The results of total flavonoid levels in water roseapple is </em><em>156.897 ± 76.929 mgQE/g</em><em>, red-jambo is </em><em>227.241± 107.882 mgQE/g </em><em>and java plum is </em><em>239.425± 121.562 mgQE/g </em><em>and the IC<sub>50</sub> value for water roseapple is 5.416 ± 2,588 </em><em>µg/mL</em><em>, red-jambo is 3.297± 2.595 </em><em>µg/mL</em><em> and java plum is 2.416± 1.543 </em><em>µg/mL</em><em>. it can be concluded that jamblang leaf extract on total flavonoid levels and antioxidant test data obtained the highest antioxidant activity.</em></p> Devie Maulani Zaen, Meiliza Ekayanti Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/5531 Mon, 10 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LITERATURE REVIEW: GAMBARAN FAKTOR – FAKTOR PENCETUS ASMA PADA PASIEN ASMA https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/3492 <p>Asthma is a disorder of the respiratory system, which is characterized by intermittent respiratory obstruction, inflammation of the airways and bronchial hypersensitivity. Knowledge of asthma triggers can be useful for people with asthma to avoid factors that can trigger asthma attacks. Knowing the description of the factors that trigger asthma in asthmatic patients. The method used is a systematic review approach, reviewed in a planned and structured manner using an electronic database (Google Scholar, NCBI, PubMed, Europe PMC, Chest Journal and Research Gate) in journal searches, using keywords describing asthma triggers, asthma triggers, asthma , asthma patients, then sorted using inclusion and exclusion criteria and analysis related to data quality (Quality Assessment) using inclusion criteria. There were 17 literatures with findings stating that the trigger factors for asthma in asthmatic patients were exposure to allergens, physical activity, cigarette smoke, weather factors, air pollution, respiratory infections, and psychological factors. The description of asthma trigger factors in asthmatic patients is exposure to allergens, physical activity, cigarette smoke, weather factors, air pollution, respiratory infections, and psychological factors.</p> Jeconiah Gabriello Dandan, Agnes Frethernety, Mual Bobby Enrico Parhusip Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/3492 Mon, 10 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LITERATURE REVIEW : PERBANDINGAN EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK PEPAYA (Carica papaya L.) SEBAGAI LARVASIDA ALAMI TERHADAP LARVA Aedes aegypti INSTAR III DAN IV https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/7455 <p>Based on the types, DENV 2 and DENV 3 are the types of dengue found in Indonesia, but the dominant one is DENV 3 because this type of virus causes severe cases of dengue. The papaya plant is a highly potent plant of natural larvicide. The <em>literature review</em> to compare the effectiveness of the papaya (<em>Carica papaya L.</em>) of each concentration, LC<sub>50 </sub>and LC<sub>90 </sub>againts the death toll of <em>Aedes aegypti</em> mosquito larvae. The study uses a <em>Systematic Literature Review</em>, the sourse of the data used in this study is secondary data obtained from experimental research journals and retrieved from websites <em>Google Scholar</em>. The journal received was 10 national journals and 5 international journals. Ten journals using papaya leaf ethanol extract, 1 journal using papaya leaf filtrate, 1 journal papaya leaf juice, 1 journal papaya sead ethanol extract, 1 journal papaya sead and leaf ethanol extract, as well as ethanol extract of seed, leaf, bark, and papaya root 1 journal. Researchers on average use more papaya leaf compared to other parts of the papaya plant and each method of precessing and concentration is different for each journal.&nbsp; There are 14 journals that say that the higher the concentration is used, the more the larvae are <em>Ae. aegypti</em> was killed, where as 1 journal says that the lower the concentration, the more toxic the larvae will get <em>Ae. aegypti</em>.</p> Gabriella Charles Singam, Arif Rahman Jabal, Indria Augustina Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/7455 Mon, 10 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LITERATURE REVIEW : RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORGANOPHOSPHATE EXPOSURE AND PULMONARY OBSTRUCTION https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/5719 <p>WHO noted that there were 1-5 million cases of pesticide poisoning in 2014 in the argicultural enviroment. In indonesia, according to the Data Sentra Informasi Keracunan Nasional in 2016, there were 771 cases of pesticide poisoning. Organophosphate pesticides can enter the body through inhalation, ingestion, and dermal contact. Organophosphate have a toxic effect on the respiratory system, which can cause obstructive pulmonary disorders. The purpose of this literature review is to determine a relationship between organophosphate exposure and obstructive pulmonary disorders. This literature review research uses a systematic literature review. The research sample is secondary data in the form of articles obtained from Google Scholar and Research Gate with the keywords organophosphates, obstructive pulmonary disorder, and FEV1 which were published in 2011-2021 where 18 journals met the inclusion criteria consisting of 4 national journals and 14 international journals. From 18 journals, 16 journals stated that there was a relationship between exposure to organophosphates and obstructive pulmonary disorders and 2 journals said that there was no relationship between exposure to organophosphates and impaired lung function. Based on the results of this literature review, it was found that there was a relationship between exposure to organophosphates and obstructive pulmonary disorders of 88.9% and 11.1% unrelated.</p> Anak Agung Istri Inten, Septi Handayani, Abi Bakring Balyas Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/5719 Sat, 22 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS FLAVONOID TOTAL DAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK ETANOL Syzygium aromaticum DAN Syzygium polyanthum https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/5536 <p>Syzygium aromaticum and Syzygium polyanthum are species of the Myrtaceae family. Clove leaves and bay leaves contain active compounds, namely flavonoids. This research was conducted with the aim of knowing the total flavonoid content and antioxidant activity of the ethanol extract of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) and bay (Syzygium polyanthum) leaves. The extraction method used in this research is cold extraction in the form of maceration with the choice of solvent, namely 96% ethanol. The total flavonoid content test was carried out using the colorimetric method while the antioxidant activity test used the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picridhydrazil) method. The results of total flavonoid content of clove leaf ethanol extract and bay leaf ethanol extract were 206.447 mgQE/g and 165,658 mgQE/g.. The IC<sub>50 </sub>for clove leaves was 3.026 μg/mL and the IC<sub>50 </sub>for bay leaves was 3.555 μg/mL. The conclusion of the study was that the extract from clove leaves on total flavonoid levels and antioxidant activity tests had the highest value.</p> Mia Aklimah, Meiliza Ekayanti Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/5536 Mon, 10 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LITERATURE REVIEW: EFFECT OF COFFEE CONSUMPTION ON CHOLESTEROL LEVELS IN COFFEE CONSUMERS https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/5522 <p>Cholesterol is a complex problem for humans when LDL levels dominate causing heart disease and hypertension as a result of atherosclerosis. Prevalence in the United States adults has increased cholesterol levels &gt; by 12%. Central Kalimantan cholesterol sufferers data reached 54.2%. Cholesterol 2/3 is produced by the liver while 1/3 is absorbed by the digestive system from the food consumed. Coffee does not contain cholesterol, but coffee contains cafestol and fat- soluble kahweol, often called diterpenes. The purpose of this review is to determine the effect of coffee on increasing cholesterol levels. This study uses a systematic review approach with the keywords coffee, cholesterol levels, and the effect of coffee consumption, with the PRISMA method. From the search results, obtained 14 journals discussing the effect of coffee consumption on cholesterol levels and how much coffee consumption can affect cholesterol levels, and the effect of coffee consumption on LDL levels. A total of 12 journals (85.2%) stated that there was a significant effect while 2 journals (14.2%) stated that there was no significant effect. As for the results of a literature review, it can be concluded that there is an effect of coffee consumption on cholesterol levels, the amount of coffee consumption that can affect cholesterol levels, and the effect of coffee on LDL levels</p> Anjelia Krispila, Donna Novina Kahanjak, Dian Mutiasari Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/JK/article/view/5522 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000