EBONY: Journal of English Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony <div style="border: 3px #B08E00 Dashed; padding: 10px; background-color: #ffe300; text-align: left;"> <ol> <li><strong>Journal Title</strong>: <a href="https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/homepage-about" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal of English Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature</a><br /><strong>Initials</strong>: EBONY</li> <li><strong>Frequency</strong>: January and July </li> <li><strong>Print ISSN</strong> <a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/20210606311250651" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2797- 4537</a></li> <li><strong>Online ISSN</strong>: <a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/20211219261732622" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2809-4980</a> </li> <li><strong>Editor in Chief</strong>: <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=id&amp;user=gVBtmOUAAAAJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Iwan Fauzi, MA</a></li> <li><strong>DOI</strong>: <span class="id"><a href="#bottom">10.37304/ebony</a></span></li> <li><strong>Publisher</strong>: The Study Program of English Education of Palangka Raya University </li> <li><a href="https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Other Journals</strong></a></li> </ol> </div> <p>The <strong><em>Ebony</em></strong> <strong><em>Journal</em></strong> is a scholarly journal in English that is expected to be a gateway for research publications in the fields of English Language teaching, linguistics, and literature. <strong><em>Ebony</em></strong> is the name of a tree with philosophical characteristics of strong, leafy, green and sustainable with its trunk which can shade anything under it. These characteristics with three leaves are what to be taken to unify the variety of research resulted from English language pedagogy, linguistics, and literature under the auspices of <strong><em>Ebony</em></strong>. Hence, teachers, lecturers, researchers in fields of teaching English, linguistics, and literature can unite themselves under <strong><em>Ebony</em></strong> to publish their research and non-research articles in one scholarly framework community.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Ebony</em> </strong>is an open access of English language journal published biannually in <strong>January</strong> and <strong>July </strong>by English Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of Universitas Palangka Raya. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>EBONY has been indexed on:</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><a href="https://garuda.kemdikbud.go.id/journal/view/24817" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/public/site/images/adminebony/garuda.png" alt="" width="232" height="97" /></a><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=id&amp;user=7dvxFbUAAAAJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/public/site/images/adminjgeed/0google-scholar-.png" alt="" width="206" height="90" /></a><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=Ebony%3A+Journal+of+English+Language+Teaching%2C+Linguistics%2C+and+Literature&amp;from_ui=yes&amp;page=1" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/public/site/images/adminebony/crossref.jpg" alt="" width="206" height="90" /></a><a href="https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=ebony+journal&amp;name=&amp;oaboost=1&amp;newsearch=1&amp;refid=dcbasen" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/public/site/images/adminjgeed/0base.png" alt="" width="206" height="90" /> </a></p> The Study Program of English Education of Palangka Raya University en-US EBONY: Journal of English Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature 2797-4537 The Implementation of Scavenger Hunt Game in Teaching Reading Comprehension of Descriptive Text https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/article/view/5319 <p>One of the English skills, namely reading, should be mastered by students so they can understand and comprehend the text they read. However, many students have lack of ability in reading especially in reading descriptive text. This research was aimed to find the effectiveness of implementing Scavenger Hunt game in teaching reading comprehension of descriptive text. This research used the one group of pre-test and post-test design without control group with the research sample is tenth graders of SMA Negeri 1 Palangka Raya in the academic year 2021/2022 with the number of sample was 39 students. The data were obtained by using pre-test and post-test in multiple choice test items in relation to descriptive texts to measure the students’ reading comprehension. The data were analysed using Wilcoxon Signed Rank test since the data was not normally distributed. The result showed that there was significant effect of implementing Scavenger Hunt game (p&lt;0.01) in teaching reading of descriptive text at the secondary school.</p> Anggre Oktarind Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 2 2 71 78 10.37304/ebony.v2i2.5319 An Analysis Types of Figurative Languages Used in The Sherlock Holmes; The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes of The Noble Bachelor https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/article/view/5282 <p>The objectives of this research are to describe the types of figurative languages found in the short story, identify the meaning of the figurative languages, and find the most frequently used figurative language type in the story. The method used in this research is descriptive analysis. The data were collected from the adventure of noble bachelor short story. The research has found 41 figurative languages of 8 types, which are 21 metonymy (51.21%), 6 hipflask (14.63%), 4 epithet (9.76%), 3 synecdoche (7.32%), 2 metaphor 2 (4.88%), simile 2 (4.88%), irony 2 (4.88%), and innuendo (2.44%). The research has found that metonym used more than other figurative languages and the contextual meaning are used in the short story.</p> Talita Gabriel Adventalia Susanty Ristati Copyright (c) 2022 Talita Gabriel Adventalia, Susanty, Ristati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-07-29 2022-07-29 2 2 65 70 10.37304/ebony.v2i2.5282 An Analysis of Students’ Difficulties in Writing Descriptive Texts in the Tenth Grade of SMA Kristen Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/article/view/5281 <p>Most students had problems writing a descriptive text when they were assigned their text. Many students were not able to describe themselves or they had difficulties in writing descriptive text. Some students think that writing is the most difficult skill in English. Some students also could not finish their writing at the end of the time set due to limited ideas and vocabulary. This research aimed to describe the students’ difficulties in writing descriptive texts and find out the causes underlining those frequent difficulties. This research uses the qualitative descriptive method.&nbsp; The research subjects were X MIPA students of SMA Kristen Palangka Raya who had difficulties when writing descriptive text. This research involved 17 students as the research subjects. The data of this research were the results of students’ worksheets and the student's answers to the given questionnaires. The researcher employed a writing test and questionnaires to gain descriptive data. As a result, the factors that cause the students’ difficulties in writing descriptive text were students’ lack of vocabulary, difficulties to translate, and lack of competence in understanding English tenses.</p> Marsaleno Agustin Maida Norahmi Natalina Asi Copyright (c) 2022 Marsaleno Agustin, Maida Norahmi, Natalina Asi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-07-29 2022-07-29 2 2 55 64 10.37304/ebony.v2i2.5281 Developing e-Book of Reading for Intensive Course in Virtual Classroom: Students’ Need Analysis https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/article/view/5280 <p>This research clarifies the demands of students through need analysis concerning the content of e-book of reading for Intensive Course in virtual classroom, and the questionnaire was distributed to one hundred and twelve (112) students of English Study Program of FKIP University of Palangka Raya to explore the necessity. The results showed that most students require: first, reading texts as instructional materials which are accompanied by English grammar and English expressions to lead students to expose both oral and written English in daily life communication with other people using ICT (100%). Second, reading texts consist of 200-250 words (87.50%) which covered the topics of daily life and Dayak culture themes (.90%). Third, reading activity is to do reading a text and looking for detailed information (88.39%), and speaking activity is to discuss the exercises and tasks with peers (88.39%). Forth, writing input is about the explanation of the sentence structure used in the text, and writing activity that led them doing writing practice to write a text similar to the example given using their own sentence (82.84%). Fifth, learning activity on vocabulary and grammar cover pairing words with their meaning (89.28%), and write sentences according to the given pattern (100%). Last, the lecturer’s role acts as motivator and learners’ role are as responsive participants, and setting takes in virtual classroom or online learning. These signify student’s needs most which are as the basis for designing and developing e-book later.</p> Elanneri Karani Wahyuningsih Usadiati Susanti Sulamit Syeba Otniel Copyright (c) 2022 Elanneri Karani, Wahyuningsih Usadiati, Susanti, Sulamit Syeba, Otniel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-07-29 2022-07-29 2 2 47 54 10.37304/ebony.v2i2.5280 Students’ Perception on Flipped Learning Conducted in an Online Writing Class During the Pandemic: A Survey Research https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/article/view/5278 <p>Flipped learning (FL) is the approach used in this research based on two reasons: firstly, the traditional learning fails to facilitate students’ need for knowledge construction, collaboration, and sufficient practice and feedback in online learning; therefore, the teacher had to use another approach called Flipped Learning. Secondly, Flipped Learning has the potency to facilitate the students’ needs mentioned earlier. This research is a survey research and was conducted in an online Writing Class at the university of Palangka Raya and a questionnaire and interview were the instruments used to collect the data needed. The result shows that the success in implementing the FL could be achieved when the four pillars of FL integrated appropriately in the teaching and learning process. &nbsp;As the result, the students gave highly positive responses towards FL that it can facilitate their needs in the online writing class during the pandemic as the four pillars are accordingly implemented; therefore, the pre-learning activities, practices, small group discussions and feedbacks are adequately provided through FL.</p> Yulitriana Olga Dona Retsi Eriani Indrini Oktamelinae Yogi Atma Pratama Copyright (c) 2022 Yulitriana, Olga Dona Retsi, Eriani, Indrini Oktamelinae, Yogi Atma Pratama https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-07-29 2022-07-29 2 2 29 46 10.37304/ebony.v2i2.5278 English Café Identity Construction: A Critical Discourse Analysis https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/article/view/5275 <p>Having a specific identity helps English cafe to be one of popular English courses in Jogjakarta. This research aims to understand the discourses in the social interaction for English cafe identity construction and how each discourse construct its identity as an English learning institution. This research used Critical Discourse Analysis as the approach to answer the question about the identity construction. To collect the data, the researcher used three data collection techniques; interview, observation, and document review. The result of the research is that English cafe uses several media, such as website, social media, banner, poster and flyer, to convey their identity for their future customers. Setting, relationship of the class participants, and interaction modes are parts of the learning process that strengthen the identity construction. Daily talk premium, questionnaire, and management weekly meeting are English cafe’s effort to maintain the construction when there are complaints from its costumers. To conclude, English Cafe has a unique and different concept compared to the other conventional English course. The institution does not only offer a concept, but also constructs its identity in their customers and future customers perception.</p> Muhammad Subhan Fikri Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Subhan Fikri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-07-29 2022-07-29 2 2 9 28 10.37304/ebony.v2i2.5275 Teaching Vocabulary Using Fly Swatter Game at the Seventh Graders of Secondary School https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/article/view/5274 <p>Vocabulary is one of the important elements in learning English. In fact, many students still face difficulties in mastering English vocabulary. This research is about to find out the effect of teaching vocabulary using Fly Swattter game at the seventh graders of secondary school. The method used in this research was a quasi-experiment by using one group pretest and posttest design. For the sample, the researcher took 32 students of the seventh grade of MTs Nurul Hidayah Mintin at Pulang Pisau Regency in the Central Kalimantan Province. Test and questionnaire were instruments used by the researcher to collect the data needed. The result shows that there is a significant effect of teaching English vocabulary using Fly Swatter game. This is also supported by students’ positive responses from questionnaire given. Therefore, the game has succeeded in improving students’ vocabulary of English.</p> Tiara Dwi Saputri Copyright (c) 2022 Tiara Dwi Saputri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-07-29 2022-07-29 2 2 1 8 10.37304/ebony.v2i2.5274 The Effect of Using Videoscribe as a Teaching Media on Writing Descriptive Text of the Tenth Grade Students of SMK YPSEI Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/article/view/4080 <p>Learning Process during pandemic covid-19 has become harder for teacher and students. The learning process has to encourage, motivate, and stimulate the students so the learning process can be done effectively. This study aims to find out the effect of using videoscribe as a teaching media on writing descriptive text of the tenth grade students of SMK YPSEI Palangka Raya. The research subject was the tenth grade students of SMK YPSEI Palangka Raya. This Study is a quantitative method that using Randomized-Groups Pre-Test-Post-Test Control Group Design. The instrument that used was writing descriptive. The data were collected in several steps: pre-test, treatment, and post-test; the data were processed in several steps: collecting data, scoring, and calculating; data analysing was conducted using SPSS application including tests of data normality and tests of Hypothesis. The data analysing was conducted using Non-parametric tests on two paired samples which was Wilcoxon Sign Rank test. The result of this study conclude that the use of videoscribe as a teaching media has significant effect for the students in writing descriptive text.</p> I Nyoman Trio Satya Sudana Ristati Tampung N Saman Copyright (c) 2021 I Nyoman Trio Satya Sudana, Ristati, Tampung N Saman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-07-12 2021-07-12 2 2 10 21 10.37304/ebony.v1i1.4080 A Study on Speaking Anxiety of English Education Study Program Students at the University of Palangka Raya https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/article/view/4065 <p>English-speaking anxiety is a specific phenomenon in the context of English language learning which has debilitating consequences on EFL learners’ speaking skills if the condition is severe. Focusing on this issue, this study was intended to describe the levels of speaking anxiety of English Education Study Program’s fourth-semester students who are taking Advanced English-Speaking Course at University of Palangka Raya. To obtain the objective, the data were collected through observation, questionnaire, and documentation. The result of data analysis revealed that the participants mostly experience a moderate speaking anxiety level because their average number of speaking anxiety signs as observed is 2, and their average FLSAS score from the questionnaire is 53.83. As evidenced by the data distribution, 15 participants (42.9%) have a moderate level, followed by 14 participants (40.0%) who have a low level and 6 participants (17.1%) who have a high level. Furthermore, it can be inferred that the higher the level of speaking anxiety is, the lower the speaking score they have. Concerning this result, it is suggested that the lecturers should formulate teaching strategies to help students reduce their speaking anxiety. Likewise, students should be active in finding ways to alleviate their speaking anxiety level.</p> Yoskapela Susanty Bahing Ristati Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-01-27 2022-01-27 2 2 14 27 10.37304/ebony.v2i1.4065 Teachers’ Perception Towards Local Content-Based English Materials of Speaking Skill for Young Learners https://e-journal.upr.ac.id/index.php/ebony/article/view/4045 <p>As one of the most significant communication skills that one is required in the digital era, it is necessary to develop speaking skills among young learners who learn English at elementary school earlier. However, English was not the primary subject for Elementary students, especially in State Elementary schools. So, it made the English teachers have difficulty finding suitable textbooks for students. This article details the findings of a study conducted to learn more about the needs of young English learners in primary schools in the digital age. Four Elementary English teachers in Palangka Raya participated in the study. The study instruments were a questionnaire and interview guide. The survey results are revealed using percentages and qualitative descriptions. The findings will be utilized to create and develop an English e-book (based on local material) for young learners studying English at the elementary level.</p> Ruth Nova Mandaria Elanneri Karani Joni Bungai Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-01-27 2022-01-27 2 2 72 82 10.37304/ebony.v2i1.4045