Author Guidelines


The genres of articles are accepted and acknowledgment from the authors that their articles have not been publishing elsewhere. The manuscript should be typed in Microsoft Office Word format (the author must save a copy of the document in docs and RTF file), using 12 font size, Times New Roman font face, 1.5 lines spacing,  choose A4 (210 x 297 mm) as paper size, 10-20 pages in page number in document.

Brief Communications are subject to the same word restrictions, with the additional requirement that the abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, references, and figure legends cannot exceed 5000 words.

The manuscript will be reviewed by reviewers, and the editors will edit the manuscript for format consistency without altering the substance. The manuscript must be written in English. Submitting an incomplete manuscript or a manuscript that does not adhere to the word limits will cause a delay in review.




The manuscript must include the following sections in the listed:

  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract
  3. Introduction
  4. Materials & Methods
  5. Result
  6. Discussion
  7. References
  8. Legends
  9. Illustrations and Tables


  1. Title Page

The first page of the manuscript should be a title page with the following:

  • Title (15 words maximum)
  • Author names and affiliation, including postal codes
  • Corresponding author with complete address, including an email address and postal code

1. Abstract (250 words maximum, including citations)

The abstract should be clearly written and readily comprehensible to the broad readership. It should provide a concise summary of the objectives, methodology (including the species studied), key results, and major conclusions of the study. It should be written in complete sentences, without subheadings.  Keywords (3-5 words)

2. Introduction (650 words maximum, including citations)

The Introduction should briefly indicate the objectives of the study and provide enough background information to clarify why the study was undertaken and what hypotheses were tested.

3. Materials and Methods

The materials and methods section should be brief but sufficient to allow other investigators to repeat the research. Reference should be made to publish procedures wherever possible; this applies to the original description and pertinent published modifications. All companies from which materials were obtained should be listed. If materials were obtained from an individual, an affiliation for that individual should be listed. A manuscript that presents only a theory may omit the Materials and Methods section.

4. Discussion

The discussion section should be as concise as possible and should include a brief statement of the principal findings, a discussion of the validity of the observations, a discussion of the findings in light of other published work dealing with the same or closely related subjects, and a statement of the possible significance of the work. Extensive discussion of the literature is discouraged.

5. Results

This section should present clearly but succinctly the experimental findings. Only results essential to establish the main points of the work should be included.

Numerical data should be analyzed using appropriate statistical tests.

6. Conclusion

The conclusion section should be as concise as possible but be representing the contents.

7. References

In the list of references, papers should be given in alphabetical order according to the surname of the first author. In two-author papers with the same first author, the order is alphabetical by the second author's name. In three-or-more-author papers with the same first author, the order is chronological. The name of the author(s) should be followed by the date in parentheses, the full title of the paper as it appeared in the original together with the source of the reference, the volume number, and the first and last pages. Do not number or bullet the references. If the author list for a paper in the references exceeds 20. Written in APA style.

Single Author:

Gore, A. (2006). An inconvenient truth: The planetary emergency of global warming and what we can do about it. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.

Process of writing in manuscript: (Gore, 2006)

Two Authors:

Michaels, P. J., & Balling, R. C., Jr. (2000). The satanic gases: Clearing the air about global warming. Washington, DC: Cato Institute.

Process of writing in manuscript: (Michaels & Balling, 2006)

Editor as Writer:

Galley. K. E. (Ed.). (2004). Global climate change and wildlife in North America. Bethesda, MD: Wildlife Society.

Process of writing in manuscript: (Galley, 2004)

Brochure or Pamphlet:

New York State Department of Health. (2002). After a sexual assault. [Brochure]. Albany, NY: Author.

Process of writing in manuscript: (New York, 2002)

Anonymous/ Unknown:

Environmental resource handbook. (2001). Millerton, NY: Grey House.

Process of writing in manuscript: (Environmental Resource Handbook, 2001)

Article in the book reference (unknown and known)

Greenhouse effect. (2005). American heritage science dictionary. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

Schneider, S. H. (2000). Greenhouse effect. World book encyclopedia (Millennium ed. Vol. 8, pp. 382-383). Chicago, IL: World Book.

Process of writing in manuscript:  (Greenhouse effect, 2005)(Schneider, 2000)

Article from Magazine:

Allen, L. (2004, August). Will Tuvalu disappear beneath the sea? Global warming threatens to swamp a small island nation. Smithsonian, 35(5), 44-52.

Begley, S., & Murr, A. (2007, July 2). Which of these is not causing global warming? A. Sport utility vehicles; B. Rice fields; C. Increased solar output. Newsweek, 150(2), 48-50.

Process of writing in manuscript:  (Allen, 2004) (Begley, 2007)

Article from Newspaper:

College officials agree to cut greenhouse gases. (2007, June 13). The Albany Times Union, p. A4.

Landler, M. (2007, June 2). Bush’s Greenhouse Gas Plan Throws Europe off Guard. New York Times, p. A7.

Process of writing in manuscript (“College Officials”, 2007) (Landler,2007)

Article Journals with continuous page:

Miller-Rushing, A. J., Primack, R. B., Primack, D., & Mukunda, S. (2006). Photographs and herbarium specimens as tools to document phenological changes in response to global warming. American Journal of Botany, 93, 1667-1674.

Process of writing in manuscript (Miller-Rushing, Primack, Primack, & Mukunda, 2006)

Article Journal if each issue begins on page 1:

Bogdonoff, S., & Rubin, J. (2007). The regional greenhouse gas initiative: Taking action in Maine. Environment, 49(2), 9-16.

Process of writing in manuscript (Bogdonoff & Rubin, 2007)

Article Journal from DOI (digital object identifier):

Mora, C., & Maya, M. F. (2006). Effect of the rate of temperature increase of the dynamic method on the heat tolerance of fishes. Journal of Thermal Biology, 31, 337-341. doi: 10.101b/jtherbio.2006.01.055

Process of writing in manuscript (Mora & Maya, 2006)


The United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2007, May 4). Climate Change. Retrieved from the Environmental Protection Agency website:

Process of writing in manuscript (United States Environmental, 2007)

Gelspan, R. (2007). The Heat Is Online. Lake Oswego, OR: Green House Network. Retrieved from The Heat Is Online website:

Process of writing in manuscript (Gelspan, 2007)