Publications Ethics

Author Responsibilities

  1. Reporting Standards:

Authors who write research reports must present an accurate report of the work that has been done and discuss the purpose of the research significance. The underlying data must be accurately described in the research report text. The research report should contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. Reports containing fraudulent or intentional inaccurate data are unethical and unacceptable behavior.

  1. Data Access and Retention

If necessary the authors are asked to provide raw data related to editorial purposes. The author must be prepared to provide the data within the specified timeframe.

  1. Originality and Plagiarism

The authors must ensure that the work written is completely original and if the author uses the work and or sentences of others, it must use citations or be quoted correctly.

  1. Multiply Publications or Similiarity of Content

An author should not publish manuscripts describing the essence of the same research in more than one journal or publisher. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

  1. Acknowledgment of Sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others should always be given. Authors should cite publications or ideas that were influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

  1. Authors of The Report

Names of the authors that listed should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the concept, design, conduct, or interpretation of the research reported. Everyone who has contributed significantly must be listed as co-author. Parties who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project must be recognized or listed as contributors. The lead author must ensure that the co-authors whose names appear in the report are those who are eligible for inclusion, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the report and have agreed to publish the report.

  1. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors must disclose in the manuscript any financial or substantive conflicts of interest that may be expected to influence the results or interpretation of the manuscript.

  1. Fundamental Errors in Published Work

When the author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in the published work, the author is obliged to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the work.

  1. Risks and Humans or Animals as Subjects

If the research involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have a high risk in their use, the authors must mention this in the report manuscript. 

Editor’s Task

  1. Principles of Justices

Editors always evaluate the intellectual content of manuscripts without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

  1. Confidentiality

Editor and any editorial staff are prohibited from disclosing any information about the submitted manuscript to anyone other than the authors, reviewers, reviewers potential, editorial advisors and publishers.

  1. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished material that is mentioned in a submitted manuscript may not be used in the editor's personal research without the written consent of the author.

  1. Publication Decisions

The journal's editorial board is responsible for deciding which articles to publish. Editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and are limited by legal provisions such as defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

  1. Manuscript Review

Editors must ensure that each initial manuscript has been evaluated by the editor for originality. Editors must regulate and use peer review fairly and wisely. Editors should describe the peer review process for informing authors and indicate which sections of the journal were reviewed. Editors must use appropriate peer reviewers for manuscripts to be published by selecting people with sufficient expertise and avoiding people with conflicts of interest. 


 Reviewer’s Task

  1. Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer reviews assist editors in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with authors can also assist authors in improving the quality of manuscripts.

  1. Appropriateness

Any reviewer who is selected but feels unqualified to review the research reported in the manuscript or knows that rapid review is impossible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.

  1. Standard of Objectivity

Review must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Reviewers must express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

  1. Confidentiality

Any manuscript received for review must be a confidential document. Manuscripts may not be displayed or discussed with others unless authorized by the editor.

  1. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest Important

Information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers are prohibited from associating manuscripts with conflicts of interest caused by competitive, collaborative, or other relationships and connections with one of the authors, companies, or institutions related to the report manuscript.

  1. Acknowledgment of Sources

Reviewers must identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Statements that observations, derivations, or arguments have been previously reported must be accompanied by relevant citations. Reviewers should also raise editors' concerns regarding substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscripts reviewed and any other published papers of which they are aware.